WHAT IS CBD ?
Cannabis is one of the oldest medicinal and agricultural crops in the world. It is an annual, dioecious plant originating from Central Asia. Its scientific name is Cannabis Sativa L.
To date, around 600 chemical compounds have been documented in different varieties of cannabis, including along with cannabinoids and substances from other categories such as amino acids, proteins, sugar, alcohol, fatty acids, terpenes and flavonoids (secondary plant substances). Most component parts of cannabis are found in humans, plants and animals, but not THC and CBD.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that activate the cannabinoid receptors in our body. Phytocannabinoids are the plant forms of these chemicals, found in their highest concentrations in female cannabis flowers. There are more than 115 different cannabinoids currently identified and isolated from different varieties of cannabis.
Hemp was being used in China at least 10,000 years ago. It does not just provide nutritious seeds, with the stalks also being valued due to their resilient fibres. In 2737 B.C., the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung had already described in a medical paper how hemp can be used as a remedy for various illnesses. Since then, cannabinoids have been a reliable remedy in different cultures.
CBD owes its renaissance in recent years, mainly in the West, to changes in the law, acceptance by society and the increasing number of scientific studies shown to emphasises the positive qualities of CBD on the cannabinoid receptor system, also called the endocannabinoid system (ECS) as part of the nervous system. As such, it is a subsystem of the nervous system, which among other things regulates pain, controls memory, and controls the immune system.
In this system, substances produced naturally in the body, known as endocannabinoids, affect among other things the receptors releasing various signal impulses. There are hardly any organ systems not influenced by endocannabinoids.
CBD has pain-relieving properties. It has calming/soothing, antiepileptic, antipsychotic and anxiety-reducing effects. CBD also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It has properties protecting nerves with an anti-bacterial effect on certain bacteria (MRSA) with a high resistance to antibiotics. Finally, CBD inhibits nausea and reduces the risk of developing diabetes. This all makes it an interesting candidate for treating chronic pain, inflammatory illnesses of the nervous system, epilepsy, anxiety disorders, psychosis or schizophrenia.
The neuro-protective potential of CBD is of particular interest and is currently being researched in more depth in connection with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's and Huntingdon’s disease or amyothropic lateral sclerosis (ALS).